• Background of this case – Gideon was a man from Florida who broke in to a pool house to drink beer and wine. He was convicted and sentenced to jail without the representation of a lawyer, because he could not afford to be represented in court. The conflict was about Gideon not being appointed a lawyer, because he couldn't afford one. He was charged for breaking and entering on January 15, 1963.
    • Constitutional significance of this case –The sixth amendment, which states he had the right to be represented in court by a lawyer. The fourteenth amendment, was supposed to supply him with a lawyer. And due process clause of the fifth was also used in the case of Gideon vs Wainwright.
    • Decision/precedent set by this case –"Lawyers in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries." The deicision made by the court was that he was sentenced to five years in state prison. The right to counsel.
    • Important terms/concepts related to this case- Everyone should have a lawyer. The right to have a lawyer is an very important concept in this case. Another important concept in this case is to abide by the amendments, because though the


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The Oyez Project, Gideon v. Wainwright , 372 U.S. 335 (1963)
available at: (http://oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1962/1962_155) (last visited Tuesday, February 23, 2010).