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Madison vs. Marbury

The case began on March 2, 1801, when an unknown federalist named William Marbury was to be named Justice of Peace of Washington D.C. During the last days of John Adams presidency, he appointed numerous officials including Marbury. As Thomas Jefferson came to power, he instructed Secretary of state James Madison to not finalize the appointments. When Madison refused to finalize the appointment this angered Marbury. Marbury decided to sue Madison for not delivering the commission. The lawsuit was to determine whether the Supreme Court had the power under Article III Section 2 of the Constitution to interpret the constitutionality of a law passed by Congress. The conclusion was that the Supreme Court gave side that to Marbury because he was entitled to his judicial position, so he won because of that, they also determined that because Madison didn’t deliver Marbury’s commission that it was a violation of his rights and it was brought to legal matters in a federal court. Madison also had his rights according to the Judiciary Act of 1789 stating that the Supreme Court had the original jurisdiction over such cases. The court decided that their case should’ve been heard lower courts instead of bringing it immediately to the Supreme Court. The reason that this case was so important wasn’t because of the status of Marbury’s appointment; it was because the Supreme Court had decided the Constitution had followed with the power of the Judicial Review.