Roe vs. Wade Created by Nathalie Gaylard and Natalia von Windheim

external image cute-baby-01.jpg Which amendment or constitutional issue was involved in this case?
Amendment XIV’s right to privacy, especially in the home

What was the case about?

Jane Roe (a pseudonym to protect her identity) was a single, pregnant woman. She wanted to have an abortion but under Texas law, she was not allowed to get one unless it was based on “medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother.” She filed suit against the district attorney of Dallas County, Wade, to challenge the outlawing of abortion. The case was originally argued December 13, 1971 and reargued October 11, 1972. It was decided January 22, 1973.external image pregnancy.jpg
People:
Appellee- Wade
Appellant- Roe
Argued case for appelle- Robert C. Flowers and Jay Floyd
Argued case for appellant- Sarah Weddington


Decision/precedent set by this case…what changed in our society because of this case?
-Precedent: allowed by “medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother”.
-Decision fell to the right and privacy (Amendment XIV) of the woman getting the
external image 0814799183.gifabortion within the first trimester. It is the state’s decision during the 2nd and 3rd trimester.
-What changed in our society is that women could do what they felt was right for themselves during the beginning of their pregnancy. If they knew that they could not support the child they’re carrying, then they could terminate it.


Important terms/concepts related to this case
-The licensed physician (Dr. Hallford) was permitted to step forward. Hallford was previously charged with illegal abortions (2) against the Texas law.
-It is a private matter and up to the woman. There could be poverty issues, un-preparedness, and health problems relating to the woman.
Jane Roe was not married while living in Texas and wanted an abortion. She was not able to get one unless her life was “in danger:. So, she challenged the law by suing Wade (the district attorney where she lived).
-The state argues “the right to the life of the woman of the unborn child is superior to the right to privacy of the mother”.
This Texas law was viewed as unconstitutional and was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.


Click here to listen to the oral argument on December 13,1971 and view the transcript
Click here to listen to the re-argument on October 11,1972 and click here to view the transcript